Experiences related to mental health are universal among all people. Mental health issues among GLBT people also occur, though they are not a function of being GLBT. The American Psychological Association has stated, "Homosexuality per se implies no impairment in judgment, stability, reliability or general social and vocational capabilities." Further, the American Psychological Association "urges all mental health professionals to take the lead in removing the stigma of mental illness that has long been associated with homosexual orientations."
GLBT people face unique risks to their mental health and well-being that mental health professionals should be aware of. The reason is most likely due to the societal stigma, microaggressions and heterosexism the GLBT people face and the resulting discrimination and prejudice faces on a daily basis from society at large, family members, peers, co-workers and classmates.
Most research suggests that GLBT people are likely to be at higher risk for depression, anxiety and substance abuse disorders. In a national study comparing GLB and heterosexual groups, researchers found that gay and bisexual men were more likely to report major depression and panic disorder in the previous twelve month period. Lesbian and bisexual women were more than three times as likely to have experienced generalized anxiety disorders.